Vaginal delivery occurs when a woman gives birth via her cervix (birth canal). Medication may be prescribed to ease discomfort during labor.
C-sections have higher morbidity and mortality, making vaginal delivery preferable; however, certain circumstances like breech presentation or twin gestations require immediate conversion to cesarean section.
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Birth of the Baby
Vaginal birthing is the most popular mode of childbirth and usually safe for both mother and baby. A vaginal delivery occurs when your uterus contracts to thin and open your cervix before pushing your baby out; this process can happen naturally or it may be induced using medications such as oxytocin to speed labor progress.
Your doctor will monitor both contractions and your cervix to assess when you’re ready to enter the birthing phase of your pregnancy. At this point, your cervix opens about one centimeter every minute, with strong contractions lasting 30-60 seconds with brief breaks in between each contraction lasting a few minutes each time. Once your cervix has dilatation of 10 centimeters or greater, then the birthing process can last anywhere from an hour – during this time you may feel pressure or even discomfort like when needing to pass gas! Your doctor may use a vaginal mirror so they can watch as you push – all while using vaginal mirrors to watch what your baby may look like as it comes out!
Your doctor may advise a cesarean section in case of complications during labor, including breech (when baby’s head turns sideways) or overly large infant. They are also used when there is high risk for infection or to deliver twins/multiples more quickly; having one could compromise future chances for vaginal birthing, so be sure to discuss all options with healthcare provider prior to making this decision.
Birth of the Placenta
Once your baby is born, your uterus will contract and move the placenta forward for delivery. This process can last anywhere from minutes to an hour; although you may feel mild contractions while this occurs. Your healthcare provider may massage your stomach or insert a device to facilitate this separation process.
Once the placenta has been delivered, your healthcare provider will clamp and cut its umbilical cord. They may wait several seconds or minutes before cutting to allow the placenta to stop pulsating – this may help prevent blood loss.
Stage 3 of normal vaginal delivery occurs when your physician removes your placenta through the vaginal canal, typically taking 30-60 minutes and feeling similar to mild contractions; your physician may use Pitocin (oxytocin) injection or infusion to encourage uterine contractions and hasten removal, shrinking back your uterus back down to its pre-pregnancy size and minimizing bleeding.
The placenta is a disk-shaped organ attached to both your uterus and your unborn fetus’s umbilical cord on opposite sides, with one side appearing dark red while its counterpart being shiny and translucent; you should consult your practitioner to check that both sides appear as expected.
Delivery of the Baby
Vaginal delivery is the primary mode of childbirth for mammals (excluding birds that lay eggs). It typically entails three steps: labor, delivery of the baby and placenta delivery. There are many advantages associated with choosing vaginal birth over cesarean section; among them being bonding closer with her newborn while experiencing more natural childbirth and shorter hospital stay afterward.
Labor usually lasts approximately 13 hours for women experiencing their first labor and 8 hours for those who have given birth before, though times can differ depending on factors like how quickly the cervix dilates and whether an epidural is used.
At this point, the second stage is underway and baby is born through vaginal delivery or forceps or vacuum device if necessary. Doctors or midwives provide gentle yet well-controlled traction to ease his or her entrance into this world.
At the time of delivery, an episiotomy may be performed to avoid excessive stretching and irregular perineal tears. The health care team will carefully place an incision that only penetrates skin and tissue and does not interfere with anal sphincter muscles.
Vaginal delivery is the most prevalent method of birth for humans. It has lower morbidity and mortality than caesarean sections and gives mothers time to bond with their newborn baby before being hospitalized, which also means shorter stays with less pain after giving birth. Unfortunately, complications such as hemorrhage can arise during a vaginal delivery.
Normal vaginal birthing involves three steps. The first is contractions that dilate the cervix; during this second stage, when head passes through birth canal. At third and final stage, remaining body passes through; an episiotomy may be performed during second stage if necessary to protect perineal tissues from tearage.
After having given birth vaginally, women should receive a thorough postpartum visit by an obstetrician-gynecologist to identify any possible complications or infections after delivery, including blood loss or infections, while inspecting for lacerations on both their uterus and vagina, which will typically be repaired during this appointment.
After having given birth vaginally, most women will experience a discharge that begins as bloody and then turns pale brown after some weeks postpartum; if this persists at your postpartum visit several weeks later please notify your healthcare provider.